An authentic Italian bread.
- 4 ounce water 1/2 cup
- 1/2 teaspoon active-dry yeast
- 5 ounce all-purpose flour 1 cup
- 17 ounces water 2 cups + 2 tablespoons
- 1 teaspoon active-dry yeast
- Prepared Biga mix
- 20 ounces all-purpose flour 4 cups
- 2 teaspoons kosher salt
- BIGA Dissolve the yeast in the water. Add the flour and stir to form a thick, gloppy paste. Give it a good fifty or so brisk stirs to build up the gluten. Cover and let sit at room temperature eight hours or overnight. By the next day, the biga will look soupy with many big bubbles dotting the surface.
- CIABATTA Dissolve the yeast in the water in the bowl of a standing mixer. Scrape the biga into the water and break it up with your spatula or squeeze it between your hands. You don't need to completely dissolve the Biga just loosen it up and break it into stringy blobs.
- Add all of the flour and the salt. Stir to form a thick, very wet dough. Let this rest for 10-20 minutes to give the flour time to absorb the water.
- Fit your standing mixer with a dough hook and knead at medium speed for 15-18 minutes. The dough will start off sticking to the bottom and sides of the bowl. Around the 7-minute mark, it will start to pull away from the sides of the bowl, collect around the dough hook, and regularly slap the sides of the bowl. If it doesn't, nudge your mixer speed up a notch. Also, if the dough starts climbing the dough hook, stop the mixer and scrape it down again. By the end of kneading, the dough will look smooth and creamy with a glossy shine. It will puddle back into the bowl once you turn off the mixer, and this is fine. Cover the bowl and let the dough rise at 70° - 75° for 2-3 hours, until tripled in bulk.
- Dust your work surface heavily with flour. Set two sheets of parchment near your work surface. Scrape the dough out of the bowl onto the flour, taking care not to deflate it too much. Dust the top of the dough with more flour. Using a pastry scraper or pizza wheel, cut the dough in two pieces for loaves or into 16 pieces for rolls. Brush your hands with flour. Working gently but swiftly, scoop the the loaves (or the rolls) one at a time from the work surface to the parchment. Press your fingertips about halfway into the dough to dimple the surface and slightly flatten the loaves (or rolls). Let the loaves (or rolls) rise, uncovered, for 30-40 minutes. When ready to bake, they should look pillowy with many big bubbles just beneath the surface.
- Preheat the oven to 475°F while the loaves are rising. If you have a pizza stone, put it in the oven now. When ready to bake, slide the loaves, still on the parchment, onto a pizza stone or baking sheet. Transfer them to the oven to cook, either on the baking stone or directly on the baking sheet if you don't have a stone. Bake for 20-30 minutes, until puffed and golden brown. Slip the parchment out from under the loaves and cool completely before eating.